Bacopa Summary:

Bacopa is also known commonly as brahmi. it is a popular Ayurvedic herb for treating neurological conditions. From this well established traditional usage, bacopa has been the subject of study for a lot of researchers to understand how it can be used to improve cognitive function. 

It has been found to be highly effective for improving memory formation and retrieval, reducing the potential for developing cognitive disorders like Alzheimers, and improving concentration. It is also useful for treating anxiety and depression, and maintaining cognitive health as we age naturally. 

This herb is a popular addition to nootropic formulas for these abilities. It has a high level of safety, and can be take everyday for a long period of time without any negative side effects. 

You can find bacopa in nootropic formulas, as well as in capsulated or liquid extract forms. The best way to take this herb is in a concentrated extract, with a standardised concentration of bacosides. 

Botanical Name

Bacopa monnieri

Bacopa moniera

Syn: herpestris monieri



Part Used

Aerial parts

Herbal Actions:

[1, 2]

  • Nootropic
  • Nervine tonic
  • Mild sedative
  • Mild anticonvulsant
  • Anxiolytic
  • Adaptogen

Common Names:

  • Bacopa
  • Brahmi (India)


bacopa monnieri monograph


Liquid Extract (1:2)

5-13 mL/day

Recommended Source


[1, 2]

  • Improve learning and cognition
  • Improving mental performance and memory
  • Nervous disorders
  • Insomnia
  • Epilepsy
  • Anxiety

Traditional Uses:

Bacopa (AKA brahmi) was commonly used as a brain tonic and to enhance learning [3].

In Ayurveda it was used to treat anxiety and epilepsy. [4]. 

    Botanical Description:

    Bacopa is a member of the Scrophulariaceae family, and is a small, creeping herb. [2]. 

    Habitat Ecology, and Distribution:

    Bacopa prefers wet soil or shallow water. It grows at an incredible range of altitudes, from sea level to 1350 m. [5]. 

    Harvesting Collection, and Preparation:

    Still compiling research. 


    Bacopa contains alkaloids, saponins, and sterols as the main active constituents. Other constituents includes betulic acid, stigmasterol, beta-sitosterol., bacosides A and B (responsible for the cognitive effects), bacopasaponins. [2, 6-10]. 


    Chemical class Chemical Name % Dried Weight Solubility
    Alkaloids INSERT Unknown N/A
    Flavonoids INSERT Unknown N/A
    Saponins INSERT Unknown N/A
    Sterols INSERT Unknown N/A

    Pharmacology and Medical Research:

    Still compiling research. 

    Toxicity and Contraindications:

    None reported. 


    • Saponins may cause some gastrointestinal upset [1]. 


    Still compiling research. 

    Recent Blog Posts:


    1. Bone, K. (2003). A clinical guide to blending liquid herbs: Herbal formulations for the individual patient. Edinburgh [u.a., MO: Churchill Livingstone.
    2. Bacopa monniera. Monograph. (2004). Alternative Medicine Review : A Journal Of Clinical Therapeutic, 9(1), 79-85.
    3. Mukherjee, G. D., & Dey, C. D. (1966). Clinical trial on Brahmi. I. Journal of experimental medical sciences, 10(1), 5.
    4. Chopra, R. N. (1958). Chopra’s Indigenous Drugs of India, UN Dhur & Sons Pvt. Ltd., Calcutta, 12, 495.
    5. Bone, K., & Morgan, M. (1996). Clinical applications of ayurvedic and Chinese herbs: monographs for the Western herbal practitioner. Phytotherapy Press.
    6. Kapoor, L. D. (1990). CRC handbook of Ayurvedic plants.
    7. Chakravarty, A. K., Garai, S., Masuda, K., Nakane, T., & Kawahara, N. (2003). Bacopasides III-V: three new triterpenoid glycosides from Bacopa monniera. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 51(2), 215-217.
    8. Hou, C. C., Lin, S. J., Cheng, J. T., & Hsu, F. L. (2002). Bacopaside III, bacopasaponin G, and bacopasides A, B, and C from Bacopa monniera. Journal of natural products, 65(12), 1759-1763.
    9. Mahato, S. B., Garai, S., & Chakravarty, A. K. (2000). Bacopasaponins E and F: two jujubogenin bisdesmosides from Bacopa monniera. Phytochemistry, 53(6), 711-714.
    10. Chakravarty, A. K., Sarkar, T., Masuda, K., Shiojima, K., Nakane, T., & Kawahara, N. (2001). Bacopaside I and II: two pseudojujubogenin glycosides from Bacopa monniera. Phytochemistry, 58(4), 553-556.