Chronic Heart Failure

Chronic Heart Failure Overview:

Chronic heart failure is a progressive disease affecting the hearts ability to pump blood to the rest of the body. The issue can arise from either systolic or diastolic dysfunctions, and may even occur together. With either case, the stroke volume of the heart is reduced, as well as cardiac reserve.

Although the end result is virtually the same, there are some differences depending on which part of the heart is affected.

 

Aetiology:

+ Systolic Dysfunction

Involves inadequate ventricular contraction. This results in reduced ejection fraction. This condition can affect either the left ventricle or the right ventricle. Left ventricular failure almost always leads to right ventricular failure eventually.

Causes Include:

  • Myocardial infarction
  • Mycarditis
  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Signs & Symptoms:

Left Ventricular Failure
  • Pulmonary oedema

Right Ventricular Failure:
  • Peripheral oedema
  • Liver dysfunction
  • Ascites

+ Diastolic Dysfunction

Involves impaired ventricular filling. The ejection fraction will remain close to normal with this condition.

Causes Include:

  • Valvular Disease
  • Prolonged Hypertension
  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
 

Symptoms:

Shortness of Breath

Swollen Ankles

Oedema Around The Abdomen

Weight Gain

Symptom

Loss of Appetite

Dizziness

Coughing

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

Functional Classification System

From The New York Heart Association

Class Description
Class 1 Patients have cardiac disease but without the resulting limitations of physical activity. Ordinary physical activity does not cause undue fatigue, palpitation, dyspnoea or anginal pain.
Class 2 Patients have cardiac disease resulting in slight limitation of physical activity. They are comfortable at rest. Ordinary physical activity results in fatigue, palpitation, dyspnoea or anginal pain.
Class 3 Patients have cardiac disease resulting in marked limitation of physical activity. They are comfortable at rest. Less than ordinary physical activity causes fatigue, palpitation, dyspnoea or anginal pain.
Class 4 Patients have cardiac disease resulting in inability to carry on any physical activity without discomfort. Symptoms of cardiac insufficiency or of the anginal syndrome may be present even at rest. If any physical activity is undertaken, discomfort is increased.

Hello, World!

Lab Testing

  1. Serum creatinine - high levels may indicate kidney dysfunction is the cause for high blood pressure and fluid buildup rather than heart. 
  2. Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) - indicates kidney damage, which may be due to severe heart failure, or a biproduct of ACE inhibitors. 
  3. Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) - BNP is made in the heart and should only be present in small amounts. HIgh concentrations are a good indication of heart failure. 
  4. Serum albumin - if decreased, it could indicate that an intestinal disorder (hypoalbuminemia), a liver problem, or kidney disease is the cause of fluid buildup rather than heart function. 
  5. Thyroid tests - if hypo or hyper thyroid and cardiac arrhytmia, this may be the cause. 
    1. TSH
    2. T3
    3. Reverse T3
    4. T4
  6. Urine analysis - protein or blood in urine may indicate kidney disorder
  7. Blood Glucose - High levels of glucose in the blood may indicate diabetes.
  8. Liver funciton testing - heart failure may lead to fluid buildup in the liver. 
    1. LDL
    2. HDL
    3. Triglycerides
    4. Total cholesterol
    5. ALT
    6. AST
  9. Electrolytes - esp if taking diuretics which can deplete Na, K, or Mg levels. ACE inhibitors may cause high K. 
  10. Prothrombin Time (PT) and Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) - tests how long it takes the blood to clot. This is used esp to see how well blood thinners are working. 
 

Therapeutic Aims:

1. Improve Ventricular Competence

...

  • Positive Inotropic Substances (Crataegus oxycanthus, Astragalus membranaceus)

2. Improve Myocardial Energy Metabolism

...

  • Nutritional (CoQ10, Magnesium, Taurine, B Vitamins)
  • ...

3. Reduce Pulmonary Oedema or Peripheral Oedema

...

  • Diuretics (Taraxicum officinale, Olea europa)
  • ...

4. Manage Risk Factors (Hypertension)

...

  • Hypotensives (Crataegus oxycanthus, Allium sativum)
  • ...

5. Manage Risk Factors (Ischaemic Heart Disease)

...

  • ...

6. Manage Risk Factors (Cardiomyopathy)

...

  • ...

7. Decrease Stress

...

  • Adaptogens (Panax ginseng, Eleutherococcus senticosus)
  • Thymoleptics (Melissa officinalis, Rosa centrifolia)
  • Antidepressants (Hypericum perforatum)
 

Differential Diagnosis:

  • Cardiomyopathy
 

Comorbidities:

  • Sudden cardiac death
  • Hypertension
  • Fatty liver disease
  • Diabetes
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • hypertriglyceridemia
 

Cautions:

Avoid using Inula racemosa or Valeriana officinalis in larger doses as they may reduce stroke volume further.

 

Herbs For Chronic Heart Failure:

 

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: March 2018


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. ...

Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary Artery Disease Overview:

Coronary artery disease is a condition involving a reduction in the flow of blood in the arteries feeding the heart (coronary arteries). The most common cause for this condition is atherosclerosis and the formation of plaques in the arteries.

This condition is closely related to angina and myocardial infarction. May be asymptomatic.

 

Aetiology:

  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes or insulin resistance
  • Sedentary lifestyle
 

Symptoms:

Chest pain (Angina)

Shortness of breath

Myocardial infarction (Heart Attach)

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

Classification Of Coronary Artery Disease And Angina

Class Description
Class 1 Angina only ocurring with strenuous excercise.
Class 2 Slight limitation of activity levels. Walking uphill, upstairs, or other medium to high-level exertion during normal activities may cause angina effects.
Class 3 Marked limitation of physical activity. Walking a few blocks, climbing stairs may cause angina.
Class 4 Significant limitation on physical activity levels. Angina may present at rest.

Coronary artery calcification was shown to be the most reliable predictor of coronary heart disease over risk factor measures such as the Framingham Risk Score [1].

 

Therapeutic Aims:

1. Ensure Medical Attention To Monitor & Maintain Stable Angina

Herbal and Nutritional treatments are supportive only for this condition.

2. Improve Myocardial Hypoxia Tolerance

...

  • Coronary vasodilators (Crataegus oxycanthus), Coleus forskohlii)

3. Decrease Thrombotic Changes

...

  • Fibrinolytics (Salvia miltorrhiza, Allium sativum)
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors (Allium sativum, Coleus forskohlii, Vitamin E, Fish Oil)

4. Manage Cardiovascular Risk Factors

...

  • Hypotensives (Crataegus oxycanthius, Coleus forskohlii)
  • Beta-Blockers (Inula racemosa)
  • Lifestyle Changes (Diet, Quit Smoking)
  • Nervine Sedatives (Valeriana officinalis)
  • Peripheral Vasodilators (Achillea millefolium, Tilia europa)
  • Antinflammatories (Curcuma longa, Fish Oil)
  • Antioxidants (Curcuma longa, Camellia sinensis)

5. Manage Stress Levels

...

  • Nervines (Withania somnifera, Panax quinquefolius, Valeriana officinalis)
  • Adaptogens (Panax ginseng, Eleutherococcus senticosus)
 

Differential Diagnosis:

  • Myocardial infarction
 

Comorbidities:

  • Diabetes
  • Angina pectoris
  • Stress
  • heart attack
  • Heart dysrhythmias
  • Chronic heart failure
 

Cautions:

All forms of this disease are serious, and demand medical attention. Stable angina can quickly worsen, and may lead to myocardial infarction if not properly managed. Herbal and nutritional medicine serve best as supportive therapies for this condition rather than primary treatment.

 

Herbs For Coronary Artery Disease:

 

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: March 2018


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. Taylor, A. J., Bindeman, J., Feuerstein, I., Cao, F., Brazaitis, M., & O’Malley, P. G. (2005). Coronary calcium independently predicts incident premature coronary heart disease over measured cardiovascular risk factors: mean three-year outcomes in the Prospective Army Coronary Calcium (PACC) project. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 46(5), 807-814.

Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy Overview:

Cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart is unable to sufficiently pump blood through the body. The more this condition pregresses, the less able the heart is to pump blood around the body.

 

Aetiology:

+ Dilated Cardiomyopathy

This form involves the sretching and thinning of the heart muscle. Causes may include:

  • Alcoholism
  • Infectious myocarditis
  • Drug toxicity
  • Nutritional deficiencies (especially thiamine)
  • heavy metal toxicity

+ Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

This involves the enlargement of cardiac muscle cells. It's a common cause of sudden myocardial arrest in younger people and athletes. Common Causes Include:

  • Inherited gene mutations
  • Diabetes

+ Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

Most common in older adults. This condition involves the gradual increase in rigidity of the heart as a result of scar tissue formation.

Causes May Include:

  • Cytotoxic inflammatory diseases
  • genetic sphingolipidosis (Fabry's or Gaucher's)
  • Hemachromatosis
Screenshot 2018-03-02 15.25.21.png
 

Symptoms:

Dyspnea

Fatigue

Oedema in Legs and Abdomen

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

 

Diagnostic Considerations

Diagnostic Findings

ECG Echocardiography
Dilated Cardiomyopathy LVH Enlarged ventricular chamber
Hypertrophic Myopathy LVH, large QRS complex, Q-waves, frequent T Inversion LVH of unknown etiology with reduced ventricular chamber volume
Restrictive Cardiomyopathy LVH Biatrial enlargement, normal or reduced ventricular volume, normal left ventricle wall thickness.
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy Abnormal polarization, small amplitude potentials at the end of the QRS complex. Segmental wall abnormalities.
 

Therapeutic Aims:

1. Manage Cardiovascular Failure

...

  • See heart failure and coronary artery disease.

2. Reduce Coagulation

Except if on Warfarin or other blood thinners.

  • Fibrinolytics (Salvia miltorrhiza)
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors (Allium sativum, Vitamin E)

3. Reduce Dysrhythmia

...

  • Antidysrhythmics (Crataegus oxycanthus, Leonurus cardiaca)
  • Beta-Blockers (Inula racemosa)

4. Manage Other Risk Factors

...

  • Lifestyle (Dietary changes, Alcoholism, Smoking)
  • Nutritional Support (Vitamin B1, Magnesium)
  • Antinflammatories (Curcuma longa, Vitis vinifera, Camellia sinensis, Centella asiatica)
 

Differential Diagnosis:

  • Chronic heart failure
 

Comorbidities:

  • Stroke
 

Cautions:

Medical diagnostic necessary prior to treatment.

 

Herbs For Cardiomyopathy:

 

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: March 2018


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. ...

Heart Dysrythmias

Heart Dysrythmias Overview:

Heart Dysrythmias involve an irregular beating of the heart. This can be too slow, in the case of bradydysrythmias, or too fast, as with the case of tachydysrythmias.

 

Aetiology:

+ Bradydysrythmia

Involves an irregularily slow heartbeat.

Causes:

  • Endurance athlete
  • Opioid medications

+ Tachydysrythmia

Involves an iregularily fast heartbeat. The most common form is Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) including Atrial fibrillation (AF).

Causes:

  • Stress and anxiety
  • Hypovolemic shock
 

Symptoms:

Fluttering sensation in the chest

Racing heartbeat

Slow heartbeat

Chest pain or tightness

Shortness of breath

Lightheadedness

Dizziness

Syncope

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

  • Full blood count
  • Coronary calcium score
  • Liver function testing
  • Scanning
 

Therapeutic Aims:

1. Stabilise Heart Rhythm

...

  • Antidysrhythmics (Crataegus oxycanthus, Leonurus cardiaca, Ziziphus spinosa)

2. Reduce Nervous Tension

...

  • Nervine Sedatives (Valeriana officinalis, Scutellaria lateriflora, Passiflora incarnata, Piper methysticum)
  • Adaptogens (Withania somnifera)

3. Prevent Thromboembolism (AF)

...

  • Fibrinolytics (Salvia miltorrhiza, Allium sativum)
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors (Allium sativum, Ginkgo biloba, Vitamin E, Fish Oil)

4. Support Cardiac Function

...

  • Cardiovascular tonics (Crataegus ocycanthus)
  • Nutritional (Magnesium, CoQ10, B Vitamins, Taurine)

5.

...

  • ...
 

Differential Diagnosis:

  • Hyperkalemia
  • Hypercalcemia
 

Comorbidities:

  • Stroke
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Sleep apnea
  • Alcohol intoxication
  • Caffeine intake
  • Nicotine
 

Cautions:

Diagnostic testing required to rule out differentials.

 

Herbs For Heart Dysrhythmias:

 

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: March 2018


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. ...

Transient Ischaemic Attack

Transient Ischaemic Attack Overview:

A short-lasting stroke, that clears up on its own. The signs and symptoms are the same as a stroke, but disappear after 10-20 minutes.

 

Aetiology:

INSERT

+ insert

insert

+ insert

insert

+ insert

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Symptoms:

Numbness

Weakness On One Or Both Sides

Paralysis of the Face

Tingling On One Or Both Sides Of The Body

Sudden And Severe Headache

Loss of Vision In One Or Both Eyes

Nausea or Vomiting

Difficulty Swallowing

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

  • Scanning
    • CT Scan
    • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
 

Therapeutic Aims:

Whenever treating TIA, it's important to verify the cause because if hemorrhagic stroke, these treatments will make the condition worse.

1. Improve Cerebral Blood Flow

...

  • Cerebrovascular Tonics (Ginkgo biloba, Vinca major)
  • General Vascular Tonics (Crataegus oxycanthus, Vitis vinifera)

2. Reduce Coagulation

Avoid if on conventional anticoagulants.

  • Fibrinolytics (Salvia miltorrhiza, Allium sativum)
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors (Allium sativum, Ginkgo biloba, Vitamin E, Fish Oil)

3. Reduce Oxidative & Reperfusion Injury

...

  • Antioxidants (Ginkgo biloba, Curcuma longa, Vitis vinefera)
  • ...

4. Reduce Blood Pressure

See Hypertension

  • Hypotensives (Crataegus oxycanthus, Coleus forskohlii)

5. Assist Cognitive & Neuromuscular Recovery

...

  • Cognitive Tonics (Ginkgo biloba, Bacopa monieri, Eleutherococcus senticosus, Vinca major)

6. Manage Mood

...

  • Antidepressants (Hypericum perforatum)
  • Thymoleptics (Melissa officinalis, Turnera diffusa)
  • Nervine Trophorestoratives (Avena sativa)
  • Nervine Sedatives & Anxiolytics (Scutellaria lateriflora)
 

Differential Diagnosis:

  • Hemorrhagic or occlusive stroke
  • Heart failure
  • Brain tumour
 

Comorbidities:

  • Heart failure
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Clotting disorders
  • Atrial fibrillation
 

Cautions:

This condition is a medical emergency. Anybody who is suspected of suffering from a TIA should go to the hospital immediatly to ensure there are no hemorrhages and to assess the status of the cardiovascular system.

 

Herbs For Transient Ischaemic Attack:

 

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: March 2018


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. ...

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Overview:

A common neurobehavioural disorder involving hyperactivity, difficulty concentrating, and impulsive behaviour.

 

Aetiology:

This condition remains poorly understood. There remains a lot of debate about the causes of this condition, as well as to the actual prevalence of this condition. Some sources suggest 2 out of 3 children in the industrialized world have this condition, other sources suggest ratios closer to 1 out of 50 or 100. 

The causes of ADD and ADHD are thought to include:

  • Genetic factors
  • Chemical exposure at a young age
 

Symptoms:

Fidgety

Difficulty concentrating

Continuously interrupting people

Inattentive behaviour

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

  • There are no lab tests that can difinitively test for ADHD. This diagnosis is given by a psychiatrist.
 

Therapeutic Aims:

1. Improve Attention and Cognition

...

  • Lifestyle Changes (Excercise, Yoga, Relaxation and Mindfulness Training)
  • Adaptogens (Panax quinquefolius, Ginkgo biloba, Bacopa monieri)
  • Stimulant Adaptogens (Paulinia cupana, Rhodiola rosea))

2. Manage Sleep Cycle

  • Nervine Sedatives (Matricaria recutita, Scutellaria leteriflora, Melatonin)
  • insert

3. Improve Mood

...

  • Thymoleptics (Hypericum perforatum)
  • ...

4. Improve Focus & Concentration

...

  • Nootropics (L-Theanine, Vinpocetine, Bacopa monieri)

4. Manage Allergies & Sensitivities

...

  • Diet (Elimination diet)
  • ...

5. Ensure Adequate Nutritional Intake

...

  • Nutrients (Essential Fatty Acids, B Vitamins, Tryptophan, Magnesium, Vitamin E)
 

Differential Diagnosis:

  • Bipolar disorder
 

Comorbidities:

  • Type 2 diabetes
 

Cautions:

This condition is hard to diagnose and there is a lot of dispute as to the actual relevance a diagnosis for this condition offers.

 

Herbs For ADHD:

 

More Resources:

 

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: November 2017


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. Philipsen, A. (2006). Differential diagnosis and comorbidity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adults. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 256(1), i42-i46.

Epilepsy

Epilepsy Overview:

A disorder characterised by disturbances in neuroelectrical activity, resulting in unprovoked seizures.

 

Aetiology:

There are many different causes for epilepsy. The most common cause in infancy includes hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy. This accounts for roughly 40-60% of cases. Ischemia results with injury to the grey and white matter of the brain.

Other causes include head trauma, strokes, vascular dysfunctions, cortical dysplasia, CNS infection, cancer, and Ammon's horn sclerosis [1]. It's a disorder of the excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters in the brain (glutamate/aspartate & GABA).

+ Jacksonian Seizures

Localised seizure in one part of the brain. this often results in a single limb or muscle group spasming for a few moments.

+ Petit-Mal Seizures

Also known as an abscence seizure. It involves a sudden loss of attention, causing someone to stare off blankly for a few moments to a few minutes. this type of seizure may remain in one hemisphere of the brain, and the patient may remain conscious.

+ Grand-Mal Seizures

Involves full-body convulsions and a loss of consciousness. This type of seizure always affects both hemispheres of the brain.

 

Symptoms:

Muscle spasms, often very severe

Loss of consciousness or attention

Temporary confusion

Fear

Anxiety

Deja Vu

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • High-density EEG
  • Scans
    • Computerized tomography (CT) scan
    • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    • Functional MRI
    • Positron emission tomography (PET)
  • Neuropsychological tests

 

Other Tests and Protocols

  • Statistical parametric mapping (SPM).
  • Curry analysis. 
  • Magnetoencephalography (MEG).
 

Therapeutic Aims:

1. Support Cognitive Function

...

  • Nootropics (Bacopa monieri, Schisandra chinensis)
  • Adaptogens (Eleutherococcus senticosus, Panax quinquefolius)

2. Reduce Sympathetic Nervous System Dominance

...

  • Nervine Relaxants (Scutellaria lateriflora, Avena sativa, Stachys betonica)
  • ...

3. Reduce Risk Of Hepatocellular Damage From Anticonvulsant Medications

...

  • Hepatoprotectives (Silybum marianum, Cynara scolymus)
  • ...

4. Manage Allergies & Sensitivities

...

  • Diet (Elimination diet)
  • ...
 

Differential Diagnosis:

  • Stroke
  • Brain Tumor
  • Brain or CNS infection
  • Cardiovascular disorder
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Drug toxicity
  • Drug withdrawal symptoms
  • Fever (especially in children)
 

Comorbidities:

  • Depression
  • Lowered cognitive functioning
  • Autism
 

Cautions:

Be very cautious of drug interactions between antiepileptic medications and herbs/nutrients, they are very common.

Avoid any herb containing camphor, this constituent has been shown to cause seizures. (Rosemarinus officinalis).

The treatment of grand mal seizures should always remain under the supervision of a specialist.

 

Herbs For Epilepsy:

  • Cannabis sativa/indica
  • Ginkgo
  • Scutellaria baicalensis
  • Melissa
  • Artemesia,
  • Zingiber
  • Passiflora
 

Nutritional Considerations For Epilepsy

  • B12
  • B9
  • Antioxidants
  • Polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • Amino Acids
  • Tryptophan
  • Taurine
  • Carnosine
  • Vitamins A, C, & E
  • Zinc
  • GABA
  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Linoleic acid
  • Selenium
 

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: March 2018


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. Beghi, E. (2004). Aetiology of epilepsy (p. 61). Blackwell Science, Oxford.

Peripheral Neuropathy

Peripheral Neuropathy Overview:

Peripheral neuropathy is a syndrome involving one or more of the peripheral nerves. it involves variable degrees of sensory impairment, pain, muscular weakness, atrophy, vasomotor symptoms, reduces reflexes in the tendons, or a combination of any of these symptoms.

 

Aetiology:

INSERT

+ Alcoholism

  • Vitamin deficiencies

+ Autoimmune Conditions

  • Sjogren's syndrome
  • Lupus
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome
  • Chronic inflammatory demyelenating polyneuropathy
  • Necrotizing vasculitis

+ Diabetes

  • More than half of people with diabetes will develop neuropathy at some point

+ Heavy Metal or other Toxic Exposure

  • A number of substances can result in neuropathy

+ Infection

  • Lyme Disease
  • Shingles
  • HIV
  • Epstein-Barre
  • Herpes virus
  • Hepatitis C
  • Leprosy
  • Diptheria
  • HIV

+ Traumatic Injury

  • Common in sporting or motor vehicle accidents

+ Vitamin Deficiencies

  • B vitamin deficiency (especially B1, B6, and B12)
 

Symptoms:

Stabbing, Burning, Or Tingling Pain

Weakness

Lack of coordination

Extreme Sensitivity To Touch

Musle Weakness or Paralysis

Altered Sweating

Bladder Dysfunction

Bowel Dysfunction

Changes In Blood Pressure

Dizziness

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

  • Electrodiagnostic testing to assess electrical activity in the nerves. 

Blood Tests

  • Vitamin B12 and folate levels
  • Thyroid Function Testing
  • Liver function testing
  • Kidney function testing
  • Blood glucose testing
  • Antibodies to nerve components
  • Antibodies related to celiac disease
  • Lyme disease
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Hepatitis B and C
 

Therapeutic Aims:

1. Address The Suspected Cause

...

  • Antimicrobials ()
  • Surgery (Referral)
  • Antinflammatories (Boswellia serrata, Curcuma longa, Salix alba, Filipendula ulmaria)
  • Antioxidants (Vitis vinifera, Rosmarinus officinalis)
  • Peripheral Circulatory Stimulants (Ginkgo biloba, Vitis vinifera, Pinus pinasta)
  • Nutritional (Vitamin B12, Folate, Fish oil, Phosphatidylserine, Phosphatidylcholine)

2. Encourage Nerve Repair

...

  • Nutritional (Essential fatty acids, Phosphatidylserine, Phosphatidylcholine, B Vitamins, Zinc)
  • Nervine Trophorestoratives (Avena sativa, Ginkgo biloba, Hypericum perforatum)

3. Manage Pain

...

  • Analgesics (Eschscholtzia californica, Piscidia erythrina, Corydalis ambigua)
  • Rubefacients (Capsaicin topical salves)
 

Differential Diagnosis:

  • Diabetes mellitus
 

Comorbidities/Risk Factors:

  • Burns and skin trauma
  • Infection
  • Falls/bone fractures
  • Diabetes mellitus
 

Cautions:

Always rule out the possibility of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus.

 

Herbs For Peripheral Neuropathy:

 

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: November 2017


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. ...

Tonsilitis

Tonsilitis Overview:

INSERT TEXT

 

Aetiology:

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Symptoms:

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

 

Therapeutic Aims:

1.

...

  • ...

2.

...

  • ...
  • ...

3.

...

  • ...
  • ...

4.

...

  • ...
  • ...

5.

...

  • ...
 

Differential Diagnosis:

INSERT

 

Comorbidities:

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Cautions:

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Herbs For XXX:

 

XXX Formula

Herb Name Ratio Amount in mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Total 100 mL

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: November 2017


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. ...

Stroke

Stroke Overview:

INSERT TEXT

 

Aetiology:

INSERT

+ insert

insert

+ insert

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+ insert

insert

 

Symptoms:

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

 

Therapeutic Aims:

1.

...

  • ...

2.

...

  • ...
  • ...

3.

...

  • ...
  • ...

4.

...

  • ...
  • ...

5.

...

  • ...
 

Differential Diagnosis:

INSERT

 

Comorbidities:

insert

 

Cautions:

Insert.

 

Herbs For XXX:

 

XXX Formula

Herb Name Ratio Amount in mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Total 100 mL

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: November 2017


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. ...

Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO)

SIBO Overview:

SIBO is a condition involving a change in the distribution of the gut microflora. The small intestinal flora begins to look more like the distribution of the large intestine microflora. This results in changes in fermentation which can cause a variety of symptoms depending on the flora distribution.

 

Aetiology:

SIBO can be caused by stasis in the gastrointestinal tract and/or reduced gastric acid secretion. 

It can cause poor fat absorption, IBS symptoms, and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). 

+ insert

insert

+ insert

insert

+ insert

insert

 

Symptoms:

Bloating

Flatulence

Abdominal Pain

Diarrhea

Dyspepsia

Weight Loss

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

  • Hydrogen breath test
  • Signs of unexpected weight-loss;
    • Fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies
    • Vitamin B12
    • Low iron
    • Serum bile acids (low?)
    • Red blood cell folate (low?)
 

Therapeutic Aims:

1.

...

  • ...

2.

...

  • ...
  • ...

3.

...

  • ...
  • ...

4.

...

  • ...
  • ...

5.

...

  • ...
 

Differential Diagnosis:

INSERT

 

Comorbidities:

insert

 

Cautions:

Insert.

 

Herbs For SIBO:

Herbal Medicine

  • Echinaceae
  • Calendula
  • Hydrastis
  • Citrus seed
  • Melissa
  • Thyme
  • Pau D'arco

Nutritional medicine

  • Zn
  • A
  • C
  • E
  • Omega 3
  • Quercetin
  • Probiotics

Diet

  • Less caffeine
  • Elimination diet - food intolerances
  • Prebiotics
  • Garlic

Lifestyle

  • Stress management
  • Excercise
 

XXX Formula

Herb Name Ratio Amount in mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Total 100 mL

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: November 2017


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. ...

Gout

Gout Overview:

INSERT TEXT

 

Aetiology:

Predominantly found in males. 

Factors that can lead to gout includes:

  • High alcohol intake
  • Poor diet
  • High purine intake
  • High uric acid (serum)
  • Genetic factors

+ High Purine Intake

Purines come from _ during their breakdown they .

+ High Alcohol Intake

High alcohol intake can cause _

+ insert

insert

 

Symptoms:

Monoarticular joint pain of the metatarsophalangeal joint

Acute pain, usually in the evening

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

  • uric acid (serum)
  • eGFR
 

Therapeutic Aims:

1. Lower Serum Uric Acid

...

  • Diuretics ()
  • Aqueretics ()

2. Dietary Recommendations

...

  • ↓ Purine intake
  • ↑ Anthocyanidin-rich foods
  • ↑ Water intake
  • ↑Antinflammatory foods
  • ↑Folic acid

3.

...

  • ...
  • ...

4.

...

  • ...
  • ...

5.

...

  • ...
 

Differential Diagnosis:

INSERT

 

Comorbidities:

insert

 

Cautions:

Insert.

 

Herbs For Gout:

 

Gout Formula

Herb Name Ratio Amount in mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Total 100 mL

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: November 2017


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. Sarris, J., & Wardle, J. (2014). Clinical naturopathy: an evidence-based guide to practice. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD)

PCOD Overview:

INSERT TEXT

 

Aetiology:

INSERT

+ insert

insert

+ insert

insert

+ insert

insert

 

Symptoms:

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

 

Therapeutic Aims:

1.

...

  • ...

2.

...

  • ...
  • ...

3.

...

  • ...
  • ...

4.

...

  • ...
  • ...

5.

...

  • ...
 

Differential Diagnosis:

INSERT

 

Comorbidities:

insert

 

Cautions:

Insert.

 

Herbs For XXX:

 

XXX Formula

Herb Name Ratio Amount in mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Total 100 mL

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: November 2017


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. ...

Influenza

Influenza Overview:

Influenza is a virus that most often affects the upper respiratory tract. It is commonly referred to as the flu, or a the common cold. Different sources will suggest these conditions as being different, however, they are both caused by influeza.

there are 3 main types of influenza, A, B, and C. Most infections are the result of influenza A and B. Out of these two, influenza A is far more common, and tends to be more severe.

Most people who are infected with influenza will remain sick for several days before recovering, however, some strains, such as the H1N1 strain that wiped out nearly 6% of the worlds population during the Spanish Flu outbreak, are far more deadly. Even less severe influenza infections take the lives of the young, the old and the weak on a regular basis.

 

Aetiology:

INSERT

+ insert

insert

+ insert

insert

+ insert

insert

 

Symptoms:

Dry/Sore Throat

Swollen Cervical Lymph Nodes

Fever

Diaphoresis

Chills

Respiratory Catarrh

Malaise

Muscle Aches

Fatigue

Headache

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

 

Therapeutic Aims:

1. Manage And Improve Febrile Responses

...

  • Diaphoretics (Yarrow)
  • Circulatory Stimulants (Ginger, Cinnamon)

2. Enhance The Immune Function

...

  • Immunomodulators (Echinaceae, Andrographis)
  • ...

3. Treat Cough/Catarrh

...

  • Antitussives ()
  • Anticatarrhals (Euphrasia, Sambucus, Hydrastis)

4. Use Antivirals

...

  • Antivirals (Hypericum, Sambucus)
  • ...

5.

...

  • ...
 

Differential Diagnosis:

  • Bacterial infection
  • Rhinovirus
  • Adenoviruses
 

Comorbidities:

  • HIV
 

Cautions:

Insert.

 

Herbs For Influenza:

 

Influenza Formula

Herb Name Ratio Amount in mL
Sambucus nigra 1:2 30 mL
Matricaria chamomila 1:2 30 mL
Mentha piperita 1:2 20 mL
Passiflora incarnata 1:2 20 mL
Total 100 mL

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: November 2017


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. ...

Measles

Measles Overview:

Measles is a highly infectious viral disease characterised by high fever, cough, inflammed eyes, and a whole-body spotty rash.

 

Aetiology:

Measles is caused by the Morbillivirus, which is a virus spread through the respiratory tract and conjunctiva. It spreads through the body via the lymphatic system and will also affect the skin. 

The incubation period for measles is apporcimatly 7-12 days. 

+ Stage 1

Characterised by the "3 C's":

  1. Cough
  2. Coryza
  3. Conjunctivitis

These symptoms are often accompanied by fever, Koplik spots, photophobia, and malaise.

+ Stage 2

Fever rises, often exceeding 40C and a red rash appears behind the ears and face and begins spreading down to eventually cover the entire body.

+ Stage 3

Fever will return to normal, the rash begins to fade, leaving behind a ghost rash that eventually sheds.

 

Complications:

  • Pneumonia
  • Encephalitis
  • Otitis media
 

Symptoms:

Fever

Rash

Koplik Spots

Photophobia

Malaise

Coryza

Cough

Conjunctivitis

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

 

Therapeutic Aims:

1. Support Febrile Phase & Manage Fever

...

  • Diaphoretics (yarrow)
  • Antipyretics ()

2. Eradicate viral Infection

...

  • Antivirals (hypericum, thuja)
  • ...

3. Support The Immune System

...

  • Immunomodulators (Echinaceae, cats claw)
  • Lymphatics (Echinaceae, baptisia, calendula)

4. Promote Healing Of The Rash

...

  • Vulneraries (calendula)
  • ...

5. Treat Additional Symptoms As Needed

...

  • Sedatives (Chamomile, catnip, melissa, linden)
  • Carminatives ()
  • Antimicrobials (Calendula)
  • Antinflammatories ()

6. Support The upper Respiratory Tract If Needed

...

  • Anti-catarrhals ()
  • Nutritional Considerations (Vitamin A, Carotenoids, Cod liver oil)
 

Differential Diagnosis:

INSERT

 

Comorbidities:

insert

 

Cautions:

Insert.

 

Herbs For Measels:

 

XXX Formula

Herb Name Ratio Amount in mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Total 100 mL

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: November 2017


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. ...

Mumps

Mumps Overview:

Mumps is a viral infection that mainly affects children. It causes an inflammation of the parotid glands as well as exocrine glands including the pancreas, mature ovaries, and testes.

 

Aetiology:

Mumps is a viral infection of Mumps rubulavirus. It mainly infects the parotid glands (salivary glands), but can also affect other exocrine glands. 

Mumps is spread through the saliva of infected individuals, many of which are asymptomatic carriers and vectors for the virus. Once infected, there is a 12-24 day incubation stage but become infectious 24-36 hours before symptoms occur. Illness usually lasts about 1 week. 

+ insert

insert

+ insert

insert

+ insert

insert

 

Complications:

Infection of Mumps rubulavirus can result in serious complications depending on the tissues infected. These can include:

  • Hearing loss
  • Infertility
  • Orchitis
  • Oorphoritis
  • Meningitis
 

Symptoms:

Pain in the throat

Swelling of the parotid glands

Nausea/Vomiting

Malaise

Aches

Restlessness

Hearing loss

Orchitis

Oorphoritis

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

 

Therapeutic Aims:

1. Eradicate Viral Infection

...

  • Antivirals (hypericum, thuja)

2. Support The Immune System

...

  • Immunomodulators (Echinaceae)
  • Diaphoretics (Achillea millefolium)

3. Support The Lymphatic System

This in turn supports the affected parotid glands.

  • Lymphatics (red root, calendula, baptisia, echinaceae, phytolacca (older children only and with caution))

4. Reduce Pain & Inflammation Associated With Sore Throat

...

  • Demulcents ()
  • ...

5. Treat Orchitis or Oorphoritis If Applicable

...

  • Anemone pulsatilla
 

Differential Diagnosis:

INSERT

 

Comorbidities:

insert

 

Cautions:

Insert.

 

Herbs For Mumps:

 

Mumps Formula

Herb Name Ratio Amount in mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Total 100 mL

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: November 2017


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. ...

Chickenpox

Chickenpox Overview:

Chickenpox is a highly infectious, common viral infection in children that results in fever, headache, and characteristic pox vesicles all over the skin.

chicken pox goes under the name Varicella zoster, which is a member of the Herpesviridae family of viruses.


Aetiology:

Chickenpox is caused by the virus Varicella zoster. It's spread through infected hosts through viral shedding of the vesicles it creates on the skin. Early signs include mild febrile illness, then the appearance of an itchy rash that quickly develops vesicles over 2-5 days. 

After an outbreak, the virus lays dormant in the body. it is the cause of the condition known as shingles later in life as a remergence of this same virus from dormancy. 


Symptoms:

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom

Symptom


Diagnostic Considerations:


Therapeutic Aims:

1. Eradicate Ifection Through Direct Antiviral Support

...

  • Antivirals (Hypericum, Thuja)

2. Support The Immune System

...

  • Immunomodulators ()
  • Immunostimulants ()

3. Treat Itchiness Symptomatically

...

  • Antipruritics (Chickweed, oats)

4. Support The Healing Of Vesicles On The Skin

...

  • Vulneraries (Calendula, echinaceae, hypericum, lavender)
  • Topical Antivirals (Licorice, rhubarb, lemon balm)

5. Prevent Secondary Bacterial Infection

...

  • Antibacterials (Echinaceae, golden seal, berberine containing herbs)

6. Encourage Fever

...

  • Diaphoretics (ginger, yarrow, peppermint, elder, linden, chen pi)
 

Differential Diagnosis:

  • Herpes simplex
 

Cautions:

Chickenpox is a notifiable condition in many countries and must be reported to the local public health and communicable disease prevention regulators.

 

Herbs For Chickenpox:

 

Chickenpox Formula

Herb Name Ratio Amount in mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Total 100 mL

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: November 2017


Recent Blog Posts:

References:

  1. ...

Syncope

Syncope Overview:

Syncope is a loss of cerebral perfusion and brief loss of consciousness. Typical episodes of syncope involve a brief feeling of light-headedness, darkened vision, and ringing in the ears. In many cases the person will also be pale and diaphoretic.


Aetiology:

INSERT

+ Vasovagal Syncope

Vasovagal syncope is often provoked by an emotional event, and most often ocurrs in the standing position. Loss of consciousness is gradual and brief. Amnesia is not common with this form of syncope.

+ Cardiac Syncope

Cardiac syncope is caused by a sudden and significant reduction in cardiac output. Cardiac arrhythmia, aortic stenosis, or upper GI bleed with hypotension may all provoke this form of syncope.

+ insert

insert


Symptoms:

Sudden sensation of light-headedness

Ringing in the ears (Tinitus)

Darkened vision

Falling

Amnesia

Cardiac arrythmia

Hypotension

Confusion


Diagnostic Considerations:


Therapeutic Aims:

1.

...

  • ...

2.

...

  • ...
  • ...

3.

...

  • ...
  • ...

4.

...

  • ...
  • ...

5.

...

  • ...
 

Differential Diagnosis:

INSERT

 

Cautions:

Insert.

 

Herbs For Syncope:

 

Syncope Formula

Herb Name Ratio Amount in mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Herb1 1:2 XX mL
Total 100 mL

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment


Recent Blog Posts: