Altitude Sickness

Altitude Sickness Overview:

Also known as Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), this condition is characterised by the hypoxic effects of high altitude. There are two main conditions associated with AMS; High altitude cerebral edema (HACE), and High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). Both conditions involve fluid buildup as a result of the differential atmospheric pressure. Both can be fatal if left untreated for too long, and both are easily and fully treated with the removal to a lower altitude.


Aetiology:

High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE):

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High Altitude Pulmonary Edema:

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Symptoms:

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Therapeutic Aims:

1. Increase Oxygen Concentration

Altitude should be reduced to the last checkpoint where good health was maintained. Syptoms will usually cease immediatly. Oxygen therapy can be given prior to arriving at a safe altitude to increase the oxygen concentration.

2. Improve The Elimination Of Carbon Dioxide From The Body

Focus on breathing to improve carbon dioxide elimination to prevent further symptoms.

  • Bronchodilators
  • Xanthine alkaloids such as caffeine, theobromine, or theophylline are great bronchodilators. Pharmaceutically Beta-2-receptor agonists can be used.

3. Reduce Fluid buildup

This is important to reduce some of the fluid accumulation symptoms of altitude sickness.

  • Vasodilators
  • Diuretics

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Differential Diagnosis:

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Herbs/Supplements For AMS:

  • caffeine
    • coffee
    • tea
    • yerba mate
  • oxygen enhancers
    • cordyceps


Formulas For XXX:

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Training Considerations For Altitude Sickness:

....Altitude centers. NOT altitude masks. 


Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment


References:

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