Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Overview:

ADHD is a common neurobehavioural disorder involving hyperactivity, difficulty concentrating, and impulsive behaviour.

 

Aetiology:

This condition remains poorly understood. There remains a lot of debate about the causes of this condition, as well as to the actual prevalence of this condition. Some sources suggest 2 out of 3 children in the industrialized world have this condition, other sources suggest ratios closer to 1 out of 50 or 100. 

The causes of ADD and ADHD are thought to include:

  • Genetic factors
  • Chemical exposure at a young age
 

Symptoms:

Fidgety

Difficulty concentrating

Continuously interrupting people

Inattentive behaviour

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

  • There are no lab tests that can difinitively test for ADHD. This diagnosis is given by a psychiatrist.
 

Therapeutic Aims:

1. Improve Attention and Cognition

  • Lifestyle Changes (Exercise, Yoga, Relaxation and Mindfulness Training)
  • Adaptogens (Panax quinquefolius, Ginkgo biloba, Bacopa monnieri)
  • Stimulant Adaptogens (Rhodiola rosea, Eleutherococcus senticosus)
  • Nootropics (L-Theanine, Vinpocetine, Bacopa monnieri, Ginkgo biloba)
  • Dopaminergics (Trichilia catigua, Vitex agnus-castus)

2. Manage Sleep Cycle

  • Nervine Sedatives (Matricaria recutita, Scutellaria lateriflora, Melatonin)
  • Adrenal Tonics (Rehmannia glutinosa, Withania somnifera, Astragalus membranaceus)

3. Improve Mood

  • Thymoleptics (Hypericum perforatum, Crocus sativus)

4. Manage Allergies & Sensitivities

  • Diet (Elimination diet, Low Histamine Diet, Low Salicylate Diet)
  • Antiallergics (Albizzia lebbeck, Andrographis paniculata, Verbascum thapsus)
  • Immunomodulators (Ganoderma lucidum, Uncaria tomentosa)

5. Ensure Adequate Nutritional Intake

  • Nutrients (Essential Fatty Acids, B Vitamins, Tryptophan, Magnesium, Vitamin E, Zinc)
  • Antinflammatories (Ulmus rubra, Verbascum thapsus, Curcuma longa, Boswellia serrata, Calendula officinalis)

6. Manage Blood Sugar levels

  • Blood Glucose Modulators (Panax ginseng, Gymnema sylvestris, Gynostemma pentaphyllum)
 

Differential Diagnosis:

  • Bipolar disorder
 

Comorbidities:

  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Zinc deficiency
  • B vitamin deficiencies
  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
 

Cautions:

This condition is hard to diagnose and there is a lot of dispute as to the actual relevance a diagnosis for this condition offers.

 

Herbs For ADHD:

 

ADHD Formula #1

Herb Ratio Amount
Ginkgo biloba 2:1 20
Bacopa monieri 1:2 30
Hypericum perforatum 1:2 25
Panax ginseng 1:2 15
Centella asiatica 1:2 20
Total 110 mL

Directions:

Take 8 mL in the morning, or 2 doses of 4 mL in the morning and early afternoon.

 

ADHD Formula #2

Herb Ratio Amount
Panax ginseng 1:2 10
Bacopa monieri 1:2 25
Trichilia catigua 1:2 20
Verbascum thapsus 1:2 20
Passiflora incarnata 1:2 25
Total 110 mL

Directions:

Take 7.5 mL in the morning, and 7.5 mL early afternoon.

 

More Resources:

 

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: November 2017


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References:

  1. Philipsen, A. (2006). Differential diagnosis and comorbidity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adults. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 256(1), i42-i46.