Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Overview:

A common neurobehavioural disorder involving hyperactivity, difficulty concentrating, and impulsive behaviour.



This condition remains poorly understood. There remains a lot of debate about the causes of this condition, as well as to the actual prevalence of this condition. Some sources suggest 2 out of 3 children in the industrialized world have this condition, other sources suggest ratios closer to 1 out of 50 or 100. 

The causes of ADD and ADHD are thought to include:

  • Genetic factors
  • Chemical exposure at a young age



Difficulty concentrating

Continuously interrupting people

Inattentive behaviour


Diagnostic Considerations:

  • There are no lab tests that can difinitively test for ADHD. This diagnosis is given by a psychiatrist.

Therapeutic Aims:

1. Improve Attention and Cognition

  • Lifestyle Changes (Excercise, Yoga, Relaxation and Mindfulness Training)
  • Adaptogens (Panax quinquefolius, Ginkgo biloba, Bacopa monieri)
  • Stimulant Adaptogens (Paulinia cupana, Rhodiola rosea))

2. Manage Sleep Cycle

  • Nervine Sedatives (Matricaria recutita, Scutellaria leteriflora, Melatonin)

3. Improve Mood

  • Thymoleptics (Hypericum perforatum)

4. Improve Focus & Concentration

  • Nootropics (L-Theanine, Vinpocetine, Bacopa monieri)

5. Manage Allergies & Sensitivities

  • Diet (Elimination diet)

6. Ensure Adequate Nutritional Intake

  • Nutrients (Essential Fatty Acids, B Vitamins, Tryptophan, Magnesium, Vitamin E)

Differential Diagnosis:

  • Bipolar disorder


  • Type 2 diabetes


This condition is hard to diagnose and there is a lot of dispute as to the actual relevance a diagnosis for this condition offers.


Herbs For ADHD:


More Resources:



Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: November 2017

Recent Blog Posts:


  1. Philipsen, A. (2006). Differential diagnosis and comorbidity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adults. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 256(1), i42-i46.