Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic Syndrome Overview:

Metabolic syndrome is a set of symptoms relating to the improper metabolism and storage of glucose. It is a precursor to type II diabetes.

Along with the direct implications of the condition, such as fatigue, lethargy, weight gain, libido loss, metabolic syndrome has direct implications to the health of the heart and vascular system. There is a strong correlation with hyperlipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertention, and other cardiovascular diseases alongside metabolic syndrome.

 

Aetiology:

Hypertention, altered glucose metabolism, dyslipidemia, and abdominal obesity are all part of pathological process in metabolic syndrome. 

Metabolic syndrome places sufferes at a much higher risk for developing cardiovascular disease.

Lack of excercise, high carbohydrate diets, and poorly managed stress have all been linked to the development of metabolic syndrome. 

 

Symptoms:

Fatigue

Central fat deposition

High cholesterol

High triglycerides

Hyperglycaemia

 

Diagnostic Considerations:

 

Diagnosis of metabolic syndrome relies on 3 or more of the following:

  1. Abdominal obesity: Defined as having a waist circumpherence of over 88 cm in women, or 102 cm in men. 
  2. Triglycerides: Over 1.7 mmol/L
  3. High density lipoproteins (HDL): Under 1.3 mmol/L in women or 1.0 mmol/L in men. 
  4. Blood pressure: Over 130/85 mm Hg
  5. Fasting blood glucose: Over 5.6 mmol/L
 

Therapeutic Aims:

1. Lower Blood Lipid/Cholesterol levels If Applicable

Hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia is a classic sign of metabolic syndrome and a main cause for long term risk cardiovascular risk factors. lowering blood lipid levels should be a main concern for this patient.

  • Hypocholesterolemics (Cynara scolymus)
  • Hypolipidaemics (Cynara scolymus)
  • Bitters (Cynara scolymus)
  • Fiber (Psyllium spp.)
  • Hepatics (Cynara scolymus)

2. Reduce Central Adiposity

  • INSERT()

3. Reduce Sugar Cravings

  • Low-calorie Sweeteners (Stevia rebaudiana, Gymnema sylvestre)

4. Lower Blood Pressure

  • Hypotensives ()

5. Follow The Individual Case

Metabolic syndrome involves a wide range of symptoms and conditions and every person is different. Follow the needs of the case (ex: high ferratin, fatty liver, high blood glucose, stress, etc).

  • Hepatics ()
  • Bitters ()
  • Nervine Stimulants ()
  • Adaptogens ()
  • Nutritional/Lifestyle Changes
 

Differential Diagnosis:

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Cautions:

Metabolic syndrome significantly increases the chances of developing cardiovascular disease.

Metabolic syndrome is a precurser for type 2 diabetes.

 

Herbs For Metabolic Syndrome:

  • giant knotweed
  • Pine
  • garlic
  • psyllium 
  • grape seed extract
 

Author:

Justin Cooke

The Sunlight Experiment

Updated: June 2018


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