Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis)

althaea-marshmallow-herb-image.jpg

Marshmallow Overview:

Most people immediatly thing of the common candy we roast over the campfire when they hear the word marshmallow. Although these candies no longer use the plant, the original recipe relied on the thick, sweet-tasting, mucilaginous texture of the marshmallow root.

The mucilage in marshmallow are both the reason it can be made into a delicious, fluffy treat, as well as the active constituents behind its medicinal uses.

Marshmallow mucilage, taken either from the roots or the leaves are useful for soothing irritated or damaged mucus membranes in the digestive tract and lungs. As such, marshmallow is indicated for inflammatory bowel disease, stomach and duodenal ulcers, and gut dysbiosis. It is also used for chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and other inflammatory lung disorders affecting the mucosa.

+ Indications

Internally

  • Colitis
  • Constipation
  • Cystitis
  • Dry cough
  • Enteritis
  • Gastric or peptic ulcers
  • Gastric Ulcers
  • Gastritis
  • Haemorrhoids
  • Irritations of gastric mucosa
  • Irritations of oral mucosa
  • Respiratory inflammation and irritation leaves are preferred
  • Urinary tract infections leaves preferred
  • Weak mucous production

Topically

  • Bruises
  • Burns
  • Inflammation
  • Muscle soreness or damage
  • Sprains
  • To prevent tanning 5
  • Varicose ulcers
  • Wounds

+ Contraindications

  • may reduce absorption of other medications if taken at the same time.

Main Herbal Actions:

  • Demulcent
  • Emollient
  • Diuretic
  • Anti-inflamatory
  • Expectorant
  • Antilithic
  • Vulnerary
 

Main Uses:

Marshmallows is most commonly used to treat irritations of the mucus membranes and epithelial tissue throughout the body, including the respiratory tract, digestive tract, and the skin.

The roots and leaves are used topically to treat bruising, wounds, allergic rashes, inflammation, and muscle damage or soreness.

 

Part Used

Roots and leaves

Family Name

Malvaceae

Distribution

Europe
Middle East

Follow Us On Social Media

Constituents of Interest

  • Mucilage
  • Pectin
  • Scopoletin
  • Polyphenolic acids

Common Names

  • Marshmallow
  • Mallards
  • Mauls
  • Schloss Tea
  • Mortification root
 

Botanical Info:

Marshmallow is a part of the malvaceae family of plants. This family contains about 4225 different species, spread through 244 different genera. Other members in this family include okra, cacao, cotton, durian, and hibiscus.

 

Level Of Research:

 

Clinical Applications Of Marshmallow:

The rich mucilage content of marshmallow makes it useful for soothing, and protecting the mucus membranes of the body. The effects of marshmallows soothing and antinflammatory effects can be seen in the respiratory tract and digestive tract when consumed orally, and on the skin when used topically. Both the leaves and the roots can be used.

The roots and leaves both provide antimicrobial action, and urinary demulcent activity, making it useful for treating urinary tract infections as well.

 

Cautions:

None reported.

 
 
 

Recent Blog Posts:

References:

See full marshmallow monograph.