Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica)

Stinging Nettle Overview:

Stinging nettle is considered a weed in most places it grows. It is very adaptable, and can grown in very harsh growing conditions. The stinging leaves make it undesireable by most people.

Despite its undesireable traits, the leaves are a high source of trace minerals, and have potent antinflammatory, antiallergenic, and hypetensive effects. The roots are mainly used to treat hormone related dysfunctions for its ability to competitively inhibit SHBG.


+ Indications


  • Allergies
  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Insect bites
  • Wounds
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Hypertension
  • As a diuretic
  • Convalescence


  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Prostatitis
  • Male pattern baldness
  • Urinary stones

+ Contraindications

None noted.

Herbal Actions:

  • Alterative
  • Anti-allergy
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antilithic
  • Antimicrobial
  • Anti-Prostatic
  • Analgesic
  • Astringent
  • Diuretic
  • Vermifuge
  • Galactagogue
  • Hemolytic
  • Hypotensive
  • Refridgerant
  • Styptic
  • Vasodilator
  • Vulnerary

Main Uses:

The leaves an root of nettle are used very differently. The leaves are high in minerals and are often used to treat convalescence, allergies, arthritis, and as a diuretic. The roots are commonly used for benign prostatic hyperplasia, alopecia, and hormone-related male pattern baldness.


Daily Dosage

Liquid Extract

Ratio: 1:2

2-6 mL

Weekly Dosage

Liquid Extract

Ratio: 1:2

15-40 mL


Part Used

Whole plant

Family Name



Nettle is native to Europe, Asia, northern Africa, and western North America.

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Constituents of Interest

  • Formic acid
  • Histamine
  • Serotonin
  • Scopoletin

Common Names

  • Nettle
  • Big string nettle
  • Common nettle
  • Gerrais
  • Isirgan
  • Kazink
  • Nabat al nar
  • Ortiga
  • Urtiga
  • Chichicaste
  • Brennessel
  • Gross d’ortie
  • Racine d’ortie

Botanical Info:

Stinging Nettle is a member of the Urticaceae, or "nettle" family of plants. The family includes about 2625 different species, and 53 genera. The Urtica genus itself contains about 80 different species.


Level Of Research:


Clinical Applications Of Stinging Nettle:

The vasodilating actions of the root make it useful for hypertension, and the SHBG inhibiting activity makes it useful for male hormone-related conditions like male pattern baldness and benign prostatic hyperplasia.

The leaves are a reliable diuretic, antinflammatory, hypotensive, and antiallergenic through a variety of different mechanisms affecting cytokine production.



The leaves contain small, irritating hairs that may cause significant contact dermatitis in some individuals.


Recent Blog Posts:


For a list of references visit the full Stinging Nettle monograph.