Coffee (Coffea arabica)

Coffee Overview:

Coffee is by far one of the most popular herbs on the planet. The stimulating, productivity-enhancing effects of the caffeine in coffee is loved by all and its unique flavor has lead to hundreds of different styles, varieties, and combinations of coffee beverages worldwide.

the caffeine in coffee is responsible for both its beneficial and medicinal actions, as wella s some of its negative side effects. The kwy to useing coffee as a health supplement, is to drink plenty of it. The body quickly develops a tolerance to the negative side effects of caffeine through downregulation of the adenosine receptors in the central nervous system. once this happens, the antioxidant, bronchodilating, hypotensive, and anti-Alzheimer's effects of coffee can shine through.

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+ Indications

  • Fatigue
  • To maintain wakefulness
  • Liver detoxification
  • Low blood pressure (Short term)
  • Altitude sickness
  • Narcotic poisoning
  • Heart disease
  • Ascites
  • Decrease the sensation inebriation
  • As a diuretic
  • Prevent onset of diabetes (Type 2)
  • Alzheimer's disease

+ Contraindications

  • Severe hypertension

Herbal Actions:

  • CNS Stimulant
  • Antioxidant
  • Hepatoprotective
  • Hypotensive (with tolerance)
  • Hypertensive (without tolerance)
  • Vasodilator (with tolerance)
  • Vasoconsrictor (Without tolerance)
  • Cardiotonic
  • Blood Glucose Regulator
  • Nootropic
  • Bronchodilator
  • Anti-Alzheimer's
  • Vascular Tonic
  • Diuretic
 

Main Uses:

Coffee is one of the major stimulating beverages consumed across the entire globe. Medicinal uses of the herb revolve mainly around its high antioxidant concentration and caffeine content.

The caffeine content of coffee is considered an adenosine antagonist, which thus inhibits the actions of adenosine in the nervous system, causing us to "not feel sleepy" rather than directly feel "awake". It effectively inhibits sleepiness, which helps with fatigue, and assists in getting through periods of mental endurance.

The beneficial activities of coffee have been shown to only provide benefit with regular consumption. The initial negative reaction of adenosine antagonism causes most people to feel anxious, paranoid, and jittery. After just a few days, the adenosine downregulates receptor numbers, and allows the positive effects of caffeine and coffee to shine through. Coffee is used to (ironically) reduce blood pressure with regular use, increases the contractility of the cardiac muscle, improves liver detoxification, regulates blood glucose, and fights the damaging effects of atherosclerosis through its vascular tonic and antioxidant profiles.

 

Part Used

Roasted seed, green seed, berries, leaves

Family Name

Rubiaceae

Distribution

Originated from Ethiopia, but is now cultivated across the tropics and subtropics. Brazil is currently the largest producer of Coffee in the world.

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Constituents of Interest

  • Caffeine
  • 5-, 4-, and 3-O-caffeoyl quinic acid
  • Trigonelline
  • Caffeol (group)

Common Names

  • Coffee
  • Café
  • Espresso
  • Java
  • Mocha
  • Joe

Botanical Info:

Coffee is a member of the Rubiaceae family of plants. This family contains about 15,500 species, and 611 genera, tho most noteanle of which include Coffea, and Cinchona.

 

Level Of Research:

 

Clinical Applications Of Coffee:

Using coffee for its medicinal effects, rather than a social drink, should involve regular use. The beneficial effects of coffee including its anti-Alzheimer's, cardiotonic, hypotensive, athletic performance, weight loss, hepatoprotective, and antidiabetic effects are all specific to regular consumption (2-6 cups per day). Short term use (naive) is more useful for short term nootropic, and CNS stimulatory effects.

 

Cautions:

Avoid caffeine with severe hypertension.

The CNS stimulating effects of coffee can worsen or cause insomnia.

 
 
 

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References:

For a list of references, visit the full coffee monograph.