Eleuthero Root (Eleutherococcus senticosus)

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Eleuthero Overview:

Commonly known as Siberian ginseng, this herb is well known across the globe for its adaptogenic profile. As a close relative to the true ginsengs (Panax spp.), Siberian ginseng has many of the same actions and broad, non-specific activity on reducing the negative effects of stress (mainly through the HPA axis and immunomodulation).

The plant became popular in Russia when researchers in the 1950s became interested in the use of adaptogens, which the Russian government invested millions to develop. It wasn't until later in the 1970s when the information hit the public domain after a Russian researcher leaked confidential documents on the research they had been doing.

+ Indications:

  • Adrenal fatigue
  • Adrenal Insufficiency
  • Altitude sickness (preventative)
  • Angina
  • Cancer
  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Cold/flu
  • Difficult urination
  • Environmental stress
  • Fatigue and debility
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAS)
  • Herpes simplex type II
  • High blood pressure (especially stress related)
  • HIV
  • Insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Joint pain
  • Mild depression
  • Muscular spasm
  • Neurosis
  • Oedema
  • Over work
  • Reduce symptoms of chemotherapy and radio-therapy
  • Slow mental performance
  • Substance Abuse
  • To aid recovery in both acute and chronic illness
  • To help recovery after surgery
  • To improve athletic performance
  • To improve memory and concentration

+ Contraindications:

  • Tradtionally contraindicated during acute infection.

Herbal Actions:

  • Adaptogen
  • Stimulant (mild)
  • Immunomodulator
  • Tonic
 

Main Uses:

Eleuthero root, also known as Siberian Ginseng, is mainly used for its adaptogenic and immunomodulatory actions. it is used during states of fatigue, slow mental and physical performance, chronic fatigue syndrome, mild depression, altotude sickness, and cancer for this reason.

Other used include treatment for cardiovascular disease, hypertension, oedema, joint pain, and to improve athletic performance.

 

Daily Dosage

Liquid Extract

Ratio: 1:2

2-8 mL

Weekly Dosage

Liquid Extract

Ratio: 1:2

15-55 mL

Part Used

Root

Family Name

Araliaceae

Distribution

Eleutherococcus can be found growing throughout Eastern Russia, Korea, China, and Japan.

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Constituents of Interest

  • Eleutherosides (A-M)
  • Eleutherans

Common Names

  • Siberian Ginseng
  • Eleuthero root
  • Eleutherococcus
  • Acanthopanax
  • Wu Jia Pi (China)
  • Cu Wu Jia (China)
  • Gokahi (Japan)
  • Eleuterokokka (Russia)
  • Bark of 5 Additions
 

Botanical Info:

As a member of the Araliaceae, Siberian ginseng is in the same family as the true ginsengs (Panax spp.), as opposed to many of the other "ginsengs" such as Brazilian ginseng (in the Amaranthaceae family), or Indian ginseng (in the Solanaceae family).

The Araliaceae family of plants is home to about 254 species with some very noteanle species medicinally including:

  • Oplopanax horridus (Devils club)
  • Hedera helix (English ivy)
  • Panax ginseng (Ginseng)
  • Tetrapanax papyferum (Ricepaper plant)
  • Aralia nudicaulis (Wild sarsaparilla)
 

Research Overview:

Level Of Research:

 

Clinical Applications Of Eleutherococcus:

The well-known adaptogenic activities of eleutherococcus makes it useful for athletic performance enhancement, as well as stress-related conditions ranging from chronic fatigue, to cardiovascular disease. The broad immunomodulating actions of the plant make it useful for inflammation, cancer, infection, and autoimmune conditions.

 

Cautions:

None noted.

 
 
 

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References:

For a list of references, visit the full eleuthero monograph.