Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata)

Passionflower Overview:

Passionflower vine is a well rounded herb originating from South America, but can be found all over the world.

Its leaves and stems are used as an anxiolytic, muscle relaxant, analgesic, hypotensive, and antibacterial agent. The harmane alkaloids located within the leaves and stems make it useful for conditions like depression and high blood pressure.

The fruit is a rich source of antioxidants, and is useful for treating urinary tract infections.

Passionflower is often formulated with other herbs for a wide range of conditions. Its addition is usually aimed at reducing stress, promoting relaxation, and aiding sleep.

passionflower herb

Main Uses:

Passionflower has many uses, but is mainly used as a treatment for anxiety and other nervous disorders. It has muscle relaxant properties that make it useful for muscle cramping, jaw clenching, or traumatic damage. It is a popular treatment for insomnia, and depression.

Herbal Actions:

  • Analgesic
  • Antibacterial
  • Antifungal
  • Antidepressant
  • Antispasmodic
  • Anticonvulsant
  • Anxiolytic
  • Aphrodisiac
  • Diuretic
  • Hypotensive
  • Nervine
  • Sedative
  • Vermifuge

Part Used

Leaves, stems, fruit, juice.

Family Name

Passifloraceae

Distribution

South America
Southeast Asia
Australia
Pacific Islands

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Constituents of Interest

  • Harmane alkaloids
  • Chrysin
  • Luteolin
  • Coumarin

Common Names

  • Passionflower
  • Maracuja
  • Granadilla
  • Maypop

Botanical Info:

Passiflora is the largest genus in the passifloraceae family, which includes as much as 500 different species.

Passionflower is an evergreen climbing vine. It uses long curling tendrils to climb up neightboring trees towards the jungle canopy.

 

Clinical Applications Of Passionflower:

Passionflower is useful for anxiety, mild depression, high blood pressure, and generalised paon. It can be used to treat insomnia, especially that which is characterised by racing thoughts before bedtime.

Passionflower is most commonly used in combination with other herbs, as a way to address any stress or anxiety that may be assciated with the condition being treated.

 

Cautions:

May potentiate the effects of sedatives including barbiturates and benzodiazepines. May potentiate the effects of SSRI and SNRI medications.

 

Recommended Products Containing Passionflower:

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Passionflower Extract

Herb Pharm

Made from Passiflora incarnata

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Passionflower Extract Powder

Bulk Supplements

Made From Passiflora incarnata

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Passionflower Capsules

Solaray

Made from Passiflora incarnata

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References:

For list of references, visit the full passionflower monograph.