Albizzia Summary:

Albizzia is one of the best herbs for seasonal allergies, and upper respiratory tract infections. It acts on the immune system to lower the response to an allergen like pollen or a bee sting. It works by inhibiting the mast cells that are responsible for the release of histamine. This chemical is the main trigger to allergic immune responses including rashes, runny nose, high blood pressure, and pain. By inhibiting these cells, allergy symptoms can be reduced, and somewhat prevented if albizzia is taken before exposure to the allergen.

Albizzia has also been studied as a therapeutic agent for diabetes. The benefits of albizzia are mainly on the pancreas, which is responsible for the production of insulin. 


Botanical Name:

Albizzia lebbeck

 

Family:

Leguminoseae

 

Part used:

Stem bark

Herbal Actions:

  • Antiallergenic [4]
  • Antihistamine [5, 12]
  • Hypocholesterolemic
  • Antimicrobial
  • Antinflammatory [3]
  • Antitussive [6]
  • Antioxidant [8]
  • Anti-spermatogenic [9]
  • Hypoglycemic [13]
albizzia lebbeck leaf

Dosage

Liquid Extract (1:2)

3.5 - 8.5 ml/day

Order Some Now

Indications:

[1]

  • Allergic conditions:
    • Allergic rhinitis
    • Allergic asthma
    • Eczema
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Diabetes

Common Names:

  • Albizia
  • Albizzia
  • Sharisha (Sanskrit)

Traditional Uses:

In the Ayurvedic medical system, albizia bark and flowers were used (and still are) to treat conditions such as bronchitis, asthma, allergic disorders, leprosy, eczema, pruritus, paralysis, inflammation of the gums, inflammatory conditions, arthritis, and infection of parasitic worms [1, 11]. 

     

    Products Containing Albizia:

    Card image cap

    Albizzia Extract

    Herb Pharm

    Made from Albizia julibrissin

    Shop Now
    Card image cap

    Albizia Complex

    Mediherb

    made from Albizia lebbeck, Tanacetum vulgare, and Scutellaria baicalensis

    Shop Now

    Botanical Description:

    Albizzia Lebbeck is a deciduous tree with compound leaves and flat oblong fruits [10]. 


    Habitat Ecology, and Distribution:

    Albizia can be found throughout India, from the Himalayas to the Andmans [2]. 


    Harvesting Collection, and Preparation:

    Still compiling research.


    Constituents:

    [2]

    Heartwood:

    • Melanoxetin
    • d-pinitol
    • Melacacidin
    • Lebbecacidin
    • Saponins
    • Macrocylic alkaloids
    • Phenolic glycosides
    • Flavonols


    Pharmacology and Medical Research:

    + Allergic Reaction

    A lot of research on albizias anti-allergic effects were conducted in the 70's and 80's which discovered that albizia was able to inhibit many of the early processes of sensitization. More specifically, albizia was able to decrease the amount of T-cell, and B-cell activity. It was also discovered to have a stabilizing effect on the mast cells. [1].

    The antihistamine effects of albizia have been reported in a variety of studies [5, 12].

    + Diabetes

    Another species of albizia, Albizia odoratissima was shown to possess antidiabetic actions in alloxan induced diabetic mice [14]. Due to the confirmed hypoglycemic activity of Albizia lebbeck as well [13], it is likely that both of these species possess similar actions towards diabetes.

    In a different study, Albizia lebbeck was investigated for its anti-diabetic activity. The study found that Albizia lebbeck was able to protect the pancreatic islet of langerhans cells from oxidative damage [10]. This suggests a protective effect against diabetes mellitus due to fatty deposits and damage in the pancreas.

     

    Toxicity

    None known.

     

    Cautions:

    None reported [1]

    Due to the anti-spermatogenic activity of Albizia [9], avoid use if trying to conceive. 


    Traditional Chinese Medicine:

    Pinyin: He Huan Pi

    Taste: Sweet [15]

    Energy: Neutral [15]

    Channels: heart and Liver [15]

    Action: Releives depression, tranquilizes the mind, promotes blood circulation to induce swelling [15]. 

    Indications: Depression, restlessness due to defficiency, poor memory, insomnia [15]. 

    Combinations: Bai Zi ren (For depression) [15]. Dang gui, Chuan Xiong (For fractures) [15]. Pu Gong  Ying, Ye Ju Hua (For carbuncles) [15]. 

    Dose: 10-15g decocted in water orally [15]. 


    Synergy:

    Still compiling research. 

    Harmonic Arts Botanical Dispensary
    Card image cap

    Albizia Complex

    Mediherb

    made from Albizia lebbeck, Tanacetum vulgare, and Scutellaria baicalensis

    Shop Now

    Author:

    Justin Cooke

    The Sunlight Experiment

    Updated: March 2017


    Recent Blog Posts:


    References:

    1. Bone, K. (2003). A clinical guide to blending liquid herbs: Herbal formulations for the individual patient. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingstone. (Pg. 59-60). 
    2. Yadav S.S, Galib, Prajpati P.K, Harisha C.R. (2011). Pharmacognostical Screening and Phytochemical Evaluation of Albizia lebbeck Benth. Heartwood. Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 1(5). 1-6.
    3. Paramanic KC, Bhattacharya P, Chatterjee TK and Mandal SC. (2005). Anti-inflammatory activities of methanol extract of Albizia lebbeck bark. European Bull Drug Reser. 13:71-74.
    4. Tripathi RM, Sen PC, Das PK, (1979). Studies on the mechanism of action of Albizzia lebbeck, an Indian indigenous drug used in the treatment of atopic allergy. J Ethnopharmacol. 1(4):385-396.
    5. Kumar S, Bansal P, Gupta V, S and R, Rao MM., (2010). Clinical efficacy of Albizia lebbeck stem bark decoction on Bronchial asthma, International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Drug Research. 2(1):48-50.
    6. Shyamlal Singh Yadav, Galib, Prajapati PK, Ravishankar B, Ashok BK. (2010). Evaluation of Anti-tussive activity of Shirishavaleha –An Ayurvedic Herbal Compound Formulation in Sulphur Dioxide induced Cough in mice, Indian Drugs, 47(9):38-41
    7. Resmi CR., (2006). Antioxidant activity of albizia lebbeck in alloxan diabetic rats. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 50(3): 297-302
    8. Kasture VS, Pal SC, (1996). Anticonvulsant activity of Albizzia lebbeck leaves, Indian journal of Experimental 34(1):78-80.
    9. Gupta RS, Kachhawa JB and Chaudhary R., (2004). Antifertility effects of methanolic pod extract of Albizia lebbeck Benth. in male rats. Asian J. Androl. 6(2): 155-159.
    10. Ahmed, D., Kumar, V., Verma, A., Gupta, P. S., Kumar, H., Dhingra, V., Sharma, M. (2014). Antidiabetic, renal/hepatic/pancreas/cardiac protective and antioxidant potential of methanol/dichloromethane extract of Albizzia Lebbeck Benth. stem bark (ALEx) on streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine,14(1), 243. doi:10.1186/1472-6882-14-243
    11. Mudaliar KSM. (1936). Siddha Materia Medica. Chennai: Department of Indian Medicine and Homeopathy; 799–800.
    12. Tripathi SN, Shukla P. (1979). Effect of histamine and Albizzia lebbek Benth. on guinea pig adrenal glands. Indian J Exp Biol. 17:915–917.
    13. Kumar D, Dash GK, Tripathy NK. (2013). Hypoglycaemic activity of bark extracts of Albizia lebbeck Benth. in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res. 18(2):28–32.
    14. Kumar D, Kumar S, Kohli S, Arya R, Gupta J. (2011). Antidiabetic activity of methanolic bark extract of Albizia odoratissima Benth. in alloxan induced diabetic albino mice. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 4:900–903.
    15. Wu, J. N. (2005). An illustrated Chinese materia medica. New York: Oxford University Press. (Pg. 56-57).